In the National Park, the nesting ornithological population is made up of a combine of species typical of south-Apennines wood environments. In this area, for example, the presence of the most part of the pyriform species is found: the black woodpecker is one of the most interesting species from the faunal point of view, whose living area is located in Sila, the most southern European tip; the green woodpecker, the major, middle and minor red woodpecker, similarly important. Other typical species are the wryneck and the spider-catcher.

Rapacious birds are also found in this area, both in diurnal and in nocturnal species. Buzzards and kestrels find wide prey territories both in Sila and Aspromonte. The goshawk and the sparrow-hawk are common in the Silan woods, while the peregrine is mostly found in Aspromonte, where the Bonelli eagle nests. At night, the wood is full by owls (picture), tawny owls and owlets, finding easy preys in the underwood fauna.


Given the presence of wide wood areas, alternate with fields, pastures and brushes, wet areas and streams, we can easily find many other varieties of birds. In wood areas typical species are the ring-dove, the jay (which prefers the mixing between larch pine and the Turkey oak) the chiffchaff, mainly found in beech woods, the coal-mouse, the tomtit (living between woods and open areas), the crossbill and the cuckoo, known both for its typical cry and for its parasitical attitude leading it to lay its eggs, to be sat on, in the nests of other birds. Seasonally, from late spring to autumn, the hoopoe is also found. In those places where the wood is thinner, alternating with brush areas, the presence of the little shrike, the wren, the blackcap, the redstart, the goldfinch and others is typical, feeding with the many barriers from the brushes. The fields, and in any case all open spaces, are preferred by the whinchat, the redstart or the chaffinch, the most common species living in the National Park. Another typical species is the hooded crow, colonizing all anthropic areas. Differently from the last two species, the raven is very rare in the Park area, found only in some couples. In conclusion of the brief “excursion” in the different environments, it is worthwhile to remember the birdlife in damp areas. On the shores of Cecita Lake, in Sila Grande, many migratory species rest, such as the egret, the wild duck, the major grebe and, rarely, the dabchick and the little grebe. Along the many water streams, it is possible to find the wagtail, the dipper or the swift, this last quite rare and found only in some nesting samples close to the flowing of Cecita stream into the lake.