The origin of the Sila plateau dates back to a geological age which is more ancient than the Apennine orogeny.
Silan landscape is the result of the peculiar physical environment, varied and not so uneven, on which interacting systems such as a rich fauna, a complex vegetation and a limited human presence are settled. There is a variety of landscapes, from mountains to hills and planes, this last divided in alluvial, valleys and terraces.
Forest landscape, having a great biodiversity, is part of a woodland heritage of considerable commission and ecosystem value, suitably to protect and preserve. There are marginal territories too, not involved in the modern development processes, where it is still possible to find places where resources and values have been preserved in their integrity. These same territories need to be optimally exploited by local communities, in order to encourage their recovery, stability and permanence.
Agricultural landscape is more specifically the result of the interaction between man and environment, always in a process of becoming, as a consequence of changed social conditions, but also of the evolution of culture and improvement in agricultural techniques. This kind of landscape has been scarcely modified by the technological impact, so that human needs prevented from taking the upper hand on the features which the natural environment has kept in the ages. Basically, it is still possible to describe Silan agriculture as a conventional one, since the natural balance, steadied in the course of time, has been maintained, avoiding important genetic erosions or meaningful loss in species.
The growing process involving human settlements in rural places has been controlled in the most part of the sites. However, it is necessary to normalize possible excesses of human push by limiting the tendency to soil transformation and exploitation, by preserving that places provided with strong natural and environmental value, and by diversifying times and ways of exploitation. To sum up, it will be necessary to promote the integration between the processes of development and the peculiarities of which these areas are made up, and to plan a scheme able to emphasize the Sila landscape resource, stressing, at the same time, the role of esteem already took in due consideration. Good results could be reached by putting into action suitable policies of territorial balance and social cohesion. In so doing, it could be possible for tourists to admire, even in the future, a landscape for the most part still primitive, attractive and suggestive.