The Park has created two centers for setting and spreading fauna: Golia Corvo and Poverella - Villaggio Mancuso.

Goliath Raven

The Golia Crow Reserve extends for 350 hectares in Big Sila, at an altitude between 1,300 and 1,600 m and falls within the territory of the municipalities of Spezzano della Sila and Longobucco. It is a Biogenetic State Natural Reserve established on July 13, 1977 with a decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forests.

laghetto golia

The reserve is located in a central position on the Big Sila plateau on mostly granite rocks. The area occupies part of the Cecita torrent basin and then flows into the homonymous artificial lake. The geological ground is made of granite which, when altered, gives rise to loose, not very fertile soil. However it can be considered good forest soil. The climate according to De Philippis is Mediterranean with not too harsh winters and not very hot summers, but drought. According to the classification of the Pavari, the reserve falls entirely in the phytoclimatic zone of Fagetum, a warm sub-area with transitions to the cold sub-zone.

Flora and vegetation

The ground is composed of 320 hectares of pure larch pine (Pinus nigra var. Laricio) and 20 hectares of mixed beech forest (Fagus sylvatica) and white fir (Abies alba).

capriolo

The Wild

Among the mammals that stay in the area: roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and deer (Cervus elaphus), thanks to the reintroductions made at the end of the eighties by the then National Park of Calabria in collaboration with the State Forestry Corps. Until then the original population of deer remained, if not the memories of the scholars of the sixteenth century. The first reintroductions of deer were carried out right in a center of diffusion and setting of about 400 hectares, present in the reserves in the heart of the Sila National Park. The experiment gave excellent results, so much so that each year from 15 to 20 leaders were found free in the Park area. Thanks to these interventions, today we can say that the deer is present throughout the area of ​​the Sila National Park.

Another reintroduction carried out was that of the roe deer reported with over 200 individuals in Sila Piccola. Other mammals include the wolf (Canis lupus), the squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris), the wild cat (Felis sylvestris), the wild boar (Sus scrofa), the marten (Martes martes), the marten (M. foina), the skunk (Mustela putorius), the weasel (M. nivalis), the yew (Meles meles), the Italian hare (Lepus italica), the fox (Vulpes vulpes). The reserve includes a large wildlife enclosure for reintroduction of ungulates. The presence of a small rodent of the gliridae family, the driomio (Dryomys nitedula), with palearic distribution but present in isolation in Calabria with the endemic subspecies Aspromontis, is of great zoogeographic interest. Among the nesting birds we find the goshawk (Accipiter gentilis), the sparrow-hawk (Accipiter nisus), the hawk (Pernis apivorus), the buzzard (Buteo buteo), the black woodpecker (Dryocopus martius), the woodpigeon (Columba palumbus), the scops owl (Otus scops), the torticollis (Jinx torquilla), the great spotted woodpecker (Picoides major), the tordela (Turdus viscivorus), the flower-head (Regulus ignicapillus), the tit bigia (Parus palustris), the green luì ( Phylloscopus sibilatrix), the nuthatch (European sitta), the golden oriole (Oriolus oriolus), the small Lanius collurio. Some species of birds, such as the regulus (Regulus regulus), the lucarino (Carduelis spinus) and the cruises (Loxia curvirostra), usually nesting at higher latitudes, find a suitable habitat in the reserve and on the Sila plateau as the most southern of their range.

gatto selvatico

Poverella - Villaggio Mancuso

The Reserve of Poverella - Villaggio Mancuso extends for 1,086 hectares in Little Sila, at an altitude between 850 and 1,280 m, and falls within the territory of the municipalities of Taverna and Albi. It is a Biogenetic Nature Reserve established on July 13, 1977 with a decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forests.

The reserve has undulating morphology with a slope that is always kept within moderate limits. The geological plateau consists of metamorphosed archaic rocks dating back to the middle permico and formed by gneiss and micascist grenadiers. The average annual rainfall is around 1,300 mm, the average annual temperature is around 10 ° C, the climate is typically Mediterranean with autumn - winter rainfall and higher temperatures in summer months.

Flora and vegetation

The forest populations present vary with the altitude from the evergreen oaks, the deciduous oaks, the pure pine forests of larch, the beech woods with sporadic presence of silver fir. Secondary species are the Neapolitan and black alder, the opal and mountain maple, the chestnut, the aspen poplar. As part of the biodiversity protection activity, the particular presence of the Calabrian pine "Vutullo cultivar" with thicker heartwood and cylindrical trunks should be highlighted. Among the shrubs are the hawthorn, the dog rose, the holly, the elder and other minor species.

The Wild

Among the mammals, the most important species is certainly the wolf (Canis lupus), a few years ago in danger of extinction; today the wolf population seems to be increasing. Other widespread mammals are the roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and the wild boar (Sus scrofa), among the mammals of small and medium size we remember: the squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris), the hare (Lepus capensis), the wild cat (Felis silvestris) , the fox (Vulpes vulpes), the yew (Meles meles), the marten (Martes martes), the marten M. foina, the skunk (Mustela putorius). The presence of a small rodent of the gliridae family, the driomio (Dryomys nitedula), with palearic distribution but present in isolation in Calabria with the endemic subspecies Aspromontis, is of great zoogeographic interest.

lupo golia

Among the nesting birds we find the goshawk (Accipiter gentilis), the sparrow-hawk (Accipiter nisus), the hawk (Pernis apivorus), the buzzard (Buteo buteo), the black woodpecker (Dryocopus martius), the woodpigeon (Columba palumbus), the scops owl (Otus scops), the torticollis (Jinx torquilla), the great spotted woodpecker (Picoides major), the tordela (Turdus viscivorus), the flower-head (Regulus ignicapillus), the tit bigia (Parus palustris), the green luì ( Phylloscopus sibilatrix), the nuthatch (European sitta), the golden oriole (Oriolus oriolus), the small Lanius collurio.
Some species of birds, such as the regulus (Regulus regulus), the lucarino (Carduelis spinus) and the cruises (Loxia curvirostra), usually nesting at higher latitudes, find a suitable habitat in the reserve and on the Sila plateau as the most southern of their range.